Hawaii Volcanoes

Hawaii Volcanoes

The Kilauea lava flow debilitating neighborhood occupants started June 27, 2014 from another vent close to the well of lava. The stream is 14.0 km from the first emission vent, and could achieve the primary access street for the district Pahoa Roadt, in as meager as two weeks. The approximate flow rate is 800 feet a day, and may reach the Kaohe Residences, simply south of Pahoa Street, in a week or less, contingent upon the behavior of the flow. Kilauea volcano has been emitting consistently since its emission in 1983. A crisis revelation for the locale permits limitation of travel by authorities so inhabitants can be emptied. Nearby subjects are taking the departure and volcanic action in stride, with evacuee Ihilani Niles expressing “to Local Hawaiians, Pele is our kupuna, she is our progenitor… This is her place and in the event that she feels she needs to clean her home, then give her a chance to clean her home”.

Pele is the Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes, and makes her home in the Halema’uma’u cavity at the summit caldera of Kilauea volcano. There are no arrangements to occupy the magma stream from the local location

Kilauea volcano is a standout amongst the most dynamic volcanoes on the planet, and the most dynamic of the volcanoes that structure the Hawaii Islands. Placed on the Huge Island, Kilauea is a shield spring of gushing lava, structured very nearly completely of magma stream layers based up on top of one another. The summit caldera on Kilauea is an illustration of a typical normal for a shield fountain of liquid magma, and may structure and breakdown many times during the formation of a shield volcano. Magma in a shield volcano is low in thickness (dainty and runny, in the same way as water), and voyages more remote than more thick magma, for example, that emitted by stratavolcanoes.

Hawaii Volcanoes

Volcano Watch

Volcano Watch is a weekly newsletter written by the scientists at the US Geological Survey’s Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. It is published in the Hawaiʻi Tribune-Herald’s Sunday newspaper and the West Hawaii Monday newspaper. While primarily addressed to the residents of the Big Island of Hawaii, some articles may have a broader scope. Article topics may range from volcanic features on the Big Island, volcanic hazards, informational topics of Long Valley, Montserrat, or Alaska, to topics about the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. The Volcano watch keep the residents up to date with the volcanic eruptions and warnings.

What’s so uncommon about Hawaii’ Volcanoes?

Hawaii rose up out of the ocean a great many years prior, fashioned by the force of volcanoes. Today, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on Hawaii Island is one of the few places on the planet where tourists can candidly meet a dynamic volcano. This ideal opportunity to securely investigate Kilauea, one of the world’s most dynamic volcanoes, makes Hawaii an end dissimilar to some other.

Hawaii’s primary volcanoes are “shield” volcanoes. Shield volcanoes deliver for the most part liquid magma streams that structure delicately slanting shield-like mountains. A decent illustration is Maunaloa, the most monstrous mountain on earth, misleadingly covering a large portion of Hawaii Island.

What Numbers of Dynamic Volcanoes are on Hawaii?

There are as of now three dynamic volcanoes in Hawaii. On Hawaii Island you’ll discover Maunaloa and Kilauea in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Maunaloa last emitted in 1984 and Kilauea has been consistently emitting following 1983. Loihi is found submerged off the southern shoreline of Hawaii’s Big Island. Emitting subsequent to 1996, this developing seamount may soften the surface up around 250,000 years, including a ninth island to the Hawaiian chain. Other remarkable Volcano Craters that you can climb and investigate incorporate Haleakala on Maui and also Leahi (Diamond Head) and the National Memorial of the Pacific at Punchbowl on Oahu.

What is Hawaii Volcanoes National Park?

Today, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is Hawaii’s #1 visitor’s fascination. This 377-square mile stop on Hawaii Island is a living historical center where visitors can witness the force of Hawaii’s volcanoes in shockingly cozy ways. Placed 30 miles southwest of Hilo, this is the home of Kilauea volcano, a standout amongst the most dynamic volcanoes on earth. The opportunity to witness the primal methodology of creation and obliteration make this stop a standout amongst the most mainstream guest fascination in Hawaii and a sacrosanct spot for Local Hawaiians.

Established in 1916, the Recreation center includes 333,000 acres of land from the summit of Maunaloa to the ocean. Here you’ll discover 150 miles of climbing trails through volcanic holes, singed forsakes and rainforests and an exhibition hall, petroglyphs, a stroll in lava tube and two dynamic volcanoes: Maunaloa, which last emitted in 1984 and Kilauea which has been emitting since January third, 1983. The extraordinary natural diversity of the park was recognized in 1980 when it was named a World Biosphere site by UNESCO and in 1987 when the park was again honored as a World Heritage site.

Kilauea Volcano: One of the Dynamic among Hawaii Volcanoes

Kilauea is now and then called “the world’s only drive-in volcano.” This productive volcano as of now delivers 250,000-650,000 cubic yards of magma every day, enough to refinish a 20-mile-long, two-path street day by day. As of January 1994, 491 acres of new land have been made on Hawaii Island. The current emission may last an additional 100 years or stop tomorrow. Pele, the volcano goddess who exists here, is exceptionally flighty. In any case the opportunity to watch Kilauea’s rankling magma streams meet the ocean is only one of the motivations to visit.

Hawaii Volcanoes: Disaster or Beauty?

In the 1990s, around 200 homes were obliterated by magma streams from Kilauea. Kilauea’s whole known history has been a dynamic spring of gushing lava, and with the exception of a concise stop somewhere around 1934 and 1952, has never encountered any delayed time of rest.

The last evacuation from the Volcano came in 2011. One house was devastated and others were undermined before the magma changed course. Kilauea is home to Pele, the Hawaiian volcanoes goddess. At a group meeting Thursday, a few inhabitants communicated indignation at recommendations to redirect the flow. They say its socially cold-hearted to meddle with Pele’s will.

Authorities with Hawaii’s tourism industry say there’s no requirement for potential guests to modify their excursion plans. The magma stream is a segregated occasion and won’t influence arrangements to snorkel, surf or tan.

Due to its position more than 2,000 miles from the closest mainland landmass, the island of Hawaii is a standout amongst the most geologically disengaged landmasses on Earth; this thus has emphatically affected its environment. Most of the species shown on the island are endemic to it and can be discovered no place else on Earth, the result of an isolated evolutionary linage sheltered from external biotic influence; this makes its ecosystem vulnerable both to invasive species and human development, and an estimated third of the island’s natural flora and fauna has already gone extinct.

 

Equipment Vulnerability

Equipment Vulnerability

With today‘s global marketplace, companies cannot afford to stain their reputation with an equipment vulnerability incident. Business organizations can undergo major financial losses if any incident is encountered due to unpreparedness. The fear of income loss should prompt companies to begin taking proactive measures against vulnerabilities in their infrastructure. The concept of vulnerability assessment is a critical process that should be followed in any organizations as a way to identify, assess and respond to new vulnerabilities before those vulnerabilities become a threat especially if we are talking about equipment vulnerability.

If your business equipment was gone tomorrow can you protect your income stream? Would you be able to replace it in time to maintain income stream?

Well, the answer may depend upon the fact that whether or not you deem a vulnerability assessment important to figure that out.

Equipment Vulnerability

Equipments that help you run your business may be vulnerable to break down any moment if you don’t address the concern of equipment failure. Consider it today in order to make your business less susceptible to such threat of equipment vulnerability.

Equipments fail every now and then, be it because of technical errors or people who are using them. However, if the success of your business is your top most priority, which definitely must be, you cannot sit and blame anything for equipment failure. Equipment vulnerability may put your organization across losing fortunes. Not just that, it brings an ill name through the doors for the business you do.

But what sort of equipment vulnerability we are talking about here: let me put it more clearly for you. If you own a business company for cash washing and all your system is gone dead all of a sudden, who would you blame? What will you do to generate income stream? How much time will it take for you to restore everything?

Certainly the first reaction to such a situation of equipment vulnerability will be panicking. However, if you had got it right since the beginning by conducting vulnerability assessment, you would know that the action plan to pull everything together again and no time will be lost wandering what to do first. That’s the perk that comes along conducting vulnerability assessments.

Equipment Vulnerability: Asset Groups

In business environments there is a common set of devices or equipments that can be broken up into manageable asset groups that must go through vulnerability assessment. These are:

  • Workstations consisting of laptops, desktops UMPC and kiosks
  • Servers consisting of your Windows
  • Network Gear consisting of routers, switches, access points, load balancers video conference units, etc.
  • Miscellaneous equipments consisting of network enabled printers, stand alone webcams, facility HVAC controls, shipping equipment, electronic door controls, fire alarms, audio video gear and even medical equipment.

Not just the machines you should bother checking for VULNERABILITY:

Equipments that help you run your company are not just the machines like laptops and cars. Instead, the sites that hold your business acumen and other cyber networking tools are deemed as equipments as well, as they are essential for the growth of your organization. Equipment vulnerability here would be a weak spot in your network that might be exploited by a security threat. Risks are the potential consequences and impacts of unaddressed vulnerabilities. In other words, failing to do Windows Updates on your Web server is vulnerability. Some of the risks associated with that vulnerability include loss of data, hours or days of site downtime and the staff time needed to rebuild a server after it’s been compromised.

The Solution is Vulnerability Assessment:

Vulnerability Assessment is the process of identifying and quantifying vulnerabilities in a system. Vulnerability assessment can be used against many different types of systems such as a home security alarm, the protection of a nuclear power plant or a military outpost. Note that vulnerability assessment is different from risk assessments even though they share some of the same commonalities. Vulnerability Assessment concerns itself with the identification of vulnerabilities, the possibilities of reducing those vulnerabilities and improving the capacity to manage future incidents.

So how does a company initiate a vulnerability assessment project? There are generally a few common steps to vulnerability assessment:

  • Create and obtain approval for vulnerability assessment.
  • Find and inventory your systems
  • Manage the collected information
  • Assess the information by risk or vulnerability
  • Plan to re-mediate

Use vulnerability scanning tools.

Many tools exist to check the existing security state of your network. These tools check for open ports, unpatched software and other weaknesses. Some of these programs focus on a specific machine, while others can scan your entire network. Microsoft offers one such tool, called the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyze. This tool checks for updates and common configuration errors for Microsoft products. Nmap is another popular, free scanning program.

Assess the risks

The various vulnerabilities on your network represent potential costs, time, money and assets to your library. These costs, along with the chance someone will exploit these vulnerabilities, help determine the level of risk involved. Risk assessment is a combination of both quantifying (the cost of the threat) and qualifying (the odds of the attack). Each organization will have to determine its own tolerance for risk depending on the situation. Risk of losing data is another vulnerability that’s comes along equipment failure. Consider backing up web designs and ensure that the equipments you use are updated every now and then.

Planning the placement of your physical scanner devices to check equipment vulnerability

Geographic barriers, large network segments, firewalls, business unit service level agreements, WAN links and the Internet can all play a role in how you will disperse your scanners. Your primary goal is to place scanners in strategic locations that allow for assessments of your equipment or devices in a reasonable time, without causing traffic issues. In most cases you will not want to scan through firewalls, load balancers or over the Internet.

Consider EQUIPMENT VULNERABILITY today instead of when its too late. With it comes the perks of being able to start again and restore things on time.

Equipment Vulnerability can bring along other adverse consequences besides harmful consequences of a crisis itself. Such a threat calls for any organization to stay prepared for addressing concerns regarding an emergent situation. In order to prevent your company from getting handicapped due to unpreparedness, Crisis Prevention and Restoration for Business offers its services and expertise for devising crisis communication plans to handle communication management. For benefiting from our expertise, contact Crisis prevention and business restoration by calling us at: 415.891.9107 or emailing us at: CPR4BIZ@gmail.com

 

Lightening strike at the World Trade Center

Lightening Strike at the One World Trade Center

The compelling force of nature put on a staggering light show in New York Friday night as gigantic lightening strike at  the One World Trade Center. Social networking was buzzing with features and photos taken of the climate occasion, including some demonstrating lightning striking the tower of the new One World Trade Center.

Lightening strike at the One World Trade Center

A thunderstorm moved through New York City around 8 p.m. on July 2nd, bringing a dismal and dynamite showcase of lightning, dim mists and substantial downpour. The amazing scene, which incorporated an obvious direct lightening strike at the World Trade center, was gotten by a few cameras and picture takers, whose pictures rapidly made the rounds on social networking. An incredible series of before, during and after pictures was taken and posted on Twitter by New York-based photojournalist Gary Hershorn. One of Hershorn’s portraits from Wednesday’s storm was re-tweeted in excess of 1,400 times and favorited in excess of 700 times between two hours after it got published.

Hershorn described how he captured the photo:

“I saw the storm clouds forming while I was shooting some pictures of lower Manhattan from Jersey City right across from One World Trade Center. I was shooting with a point and shoot camera so I raced home and grabbed my real camera and tripod and went to a gazebo next to the Hudson River and shot endless 10 second exposures hoping to catch the bolts of lightning. I shot about 150 pictures and 6 frames had lightning bolts. I missed about 5 others in between frames. I was able to shoot from a covered spot in the pouring rain. It feels like I spend half my life shooting the New York skyline but have been waiting for years to have the perfect electrical storm around sunset…The light in the sky was nicely balanced with the lightning and the brightness of the buildings on the skyline.”

Lightening Strike at the One World Trade Center: Prior and Proceedings

The United States has been battered by compelling climate in the most recent month including a two mile wide tornado which tore through the suburbs of Oklahoma City leaving a trail of pulverization reminiscent of a battle area as it leveled whole avenues and structures killing 13 individuals.

The weather service issued an uncommon tornado cautioning as a line of storms hustled through New Hampshire into western Maine. By right on time Monday, more than 12,000 clients were still without power in Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine, down from more than 40,000 blackouts at the peak.

In northwestern South Carolina, a tornado supposedly knocked a home off its establishment and passed piece of the top over. A few trees were blown down and there was overwhelming precipitation, however no far reaching harm. No wounds were accounted for.

New York has been sweltering in record temperatures for a few days before the storm. Temperatures hit 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) for the third day in succession in parts of New York and New Pullover on Saturday, making it the first official high temperature wave of the year. Temperatures crested at 32 degrees Celsius in Focal Park and 33 degrees in Newark, New Jersey on Saturday evening in the wake of hitting comparable sweltering numbers Thursday and Friday.

Storms moved through the region beginning around 7:30 p.m., with hail and blaze flooding reported in a few parts. Overwhelming flooding brought on a miles long congested road on the Long Island Expressway amid the nighttime surge. Firefighters had to protect drivers found in climbing floodwaters in Queens.

Flights at Kennedy, LaGuardia and Newark airports were deferred an hour or more in light of the climate. The tornado cut a 20 mile long swath of destruction – flattening an elementary school and medical centre in the town of Moore as the tornado winds reached upwards of 200 mph. New York itself has seen an increase in storms in recent years including the Superstorm Sandy last autumn which caused major flooding throughout the city.

With Towers Gone, Some Areas May Be Helpless against Lightning

At the point when the One World Trade Center stood, lightning frequently struck its towers and was securely released to the ground. Presently, researchers say, Lower Manhattan may be considerably more helpless against lightning. Meteorologists and specialists have been given new areas to study how lightning acts in urban regions and how best to safeguard city inhabitants.

In light of geology and climate designs, a few states are more inclined to lightning than others. New York State has a moderate rate of lightning, with a normal of 3.8 strikes every square mile a year, looked at with a high of 20 to 42 every square mile in Florida and a low of less than 2 in California.

What is to be Blamed for the Lightening Strike at the One World Trade Center?

In most lightning strikes, a strong negative charge builds up in a cloud when the moist air inside it becomes unstable. A thundercloud is a big blob of negativity. The charge then begins to reach downward in 50-yard increments, a spark that scientists call a ”stepped leader.”

Meanwhile, the cloud’s negativity induces a positive charge in the ground beneath it. When these opposite charges meet, they interact explosively in a lightning strike.

Sometimes this means that a tall building itself can touch off lightning in a storm — an effect first documented by General Electric scientists who studied the Empire State Building from 1931 to 1941. Such lightning goes from ground to cloud, while ”natural” lightning is cloud to ground.

Skyscrapers’ ”upward-reaching lightning” appears to the eye as tree-shaped. Skyscraper lightning’s pattern has its ”trunk” on the bottom, branches on top. In contrast, natural lightning is often shaped like a tree held upside down.

The final part of One World Trade Centre was only recently completed with the final component of the antenna installed on top the skyscraper on 10 May this making it the third tallest building in the world. Tall buildings have a predictable chance of being struck, one that increases with height. In a region with a moderate incidence of lightning, a 1,400-foot building (the north tower of the trade center and its broadcast antenna), the average would typically be about 35 times a year. By touching such lightning, tall buildings can sometimes divert charges in thunderclouds that would otherwise lead to strikes elsewhere

The setting events and consequences of the set of climatic conditions are not to be forgotten anytime sooner, however the beautiful cinematography that the lightening strike at the One World Trade Center brought has left people dazzling on the internet. Mother nature yet again proves that with its capacity to create and doom, it can leave us some breathtaking moments amazed by its beauty.