washington mudlide

Washington Mudslide

The compelling force of nature creates some lovely scenes, moving slopes, great fields and stunning dusk, however nature likewise has a dull side and those pleasant scenes can rapidly transform into hazardous situation and turn the course of events upset down.

A lethal Washington mudslide that carnage 43 and demolished a riverside neighborhood in Washington State last March in 2014 was energized by downpour splashing the site of an eight-year-old landslide, while logging in the range may have likewise assumed a part. The slide pushed through part of the town of Oso, in the cascade Mountain foothills northwest of Seattle, soon after 10:30 a.m. on Saturday, March 22.

The most detailed investigative record of the Washington mudslide, which was the deadliest in U.S. history, recommends that the calamity was taking shape in a valley with a history of enormous landslide going back a great many years.

washington mudlide

The report doesn’t offer a conclusive clarification for why the Washington mudslide caved in on that day. In any case it depicts a pulverizing chain response started by downpour and groundwater on a slope left unsettled by years of littler slides. The report originates from a group of college and private-part scientists who are a part of the Geotechnical Extreme Events Reconnaissance (GEER), a National Science Foundation-funded initiative to quickly dispatch scientists to evaluate natural disasters.

The new report found that a 2006 landslide likely set the stage for the much greater slide, making a detached cot of rocks and soil that splashed up water all the more promptly and was more inclined to fizzling. At that point substantial rains in the weeks paving the way to the debacle soaked the area.

The slides were truly two interconnected occasions, the report says. First, the 2006 landslide debris liquefied, a phenomenon in which solid earth becomes a liquid as the water pressure in the soil increases, pushing dirt particles apart. That then sent a mass of mud and debris shooting across the valley, removing support for a large chunk of the mountain, which fell away and added to the slide.

The Washington Mudslide Incurred Damage

On March 22, the day of the Washington mudslide, 43 individuals were killed and nearly 49 homes were immersed. The Washington, Mudslide obliterated segments of State Highway 530. At the time of the slide, researchers were stunned at its speed and the separation it voyaged more than a large portion of a mile (over a kilometer). The GEER team additionally discovered the mudslide’s extent was not uncommon for slides of this sort. Eight individuals were safeguarded and taken to local clinics. Four survivors of the slide were still in Seattle-zone therapeutic offices as of April 7, 2014 with two of the four confessed to escalated consideration, one stayed in steady condition at Harbor view Medical Centers, and an alternate had been released from Harbor view to a recovery office. While the authority scan for victimized people finished in April 2014, specialists and volunteers kept on screening trash and search for one exploited person still unaccounted for. Starting July 22, 2014, the Snohomish District Sheriff’s Office affirmed 43 fatalities after stays of the last victimized person had been placed and recognized due to Washington mudslide.

Washington Mudslide

Federal Aid In Response to the Washington Mudslide

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) announced that federal emergency aid has been made available to the State of Washington to supplement state and local response efforts due to the emergency conditions resulting from flooding and mudslides beginning on March 22, 2014, and continuing. On April 3, the mudslide was pronounced a real calamity by President Barack Obama. The assertion was asked for on April 1 by Governor Inslee, who expressed nearly 30 families required help with lodging and different needs. Financial misfortune assessments had arrived at $10 million. Snohomish County Emergency Management Director John Pennington advised residents to register with FEMA.

Does Logging assume a play In Washington Mudslide?

In the days emulating the slide, researchers addressed whether logging in the range could have been a variable helping the slope breakdown. Grandy Lake Forest Associates of Mount Vernon, Washington proposed a 15-acre clearcut at the upper edge of the Oso landslide zone in 2004. An examination is being led to figure out if Grandy Lake crossed into the limited region that could hypothetically encourage groundwater into the avalanche zone, influencing it for 16 to 27 years.

Insurance Coverage Is What You Need!

Landslides can occur any time of year, and typically occur from a slope being overloaded or undercut by erosion or even construction. Homes that are in areas susceptible to landslides, like many in Western Washington, may need an additional insurance policy to cover some of the costs associated with this type of natural disaster. Mudslides and mudflows occur in similar conditions, but are usually caused by flood waters or heavy rain causes the soil to slide away from the bedrock.

Homeowners, renters and business insurance policies typically exclude flood, mudflow, landslide and earthquake. Landslides, mudslides and mudflow are considered different perils and require different insurance, separate from a homeowners or business policy. With a mudflow, the primary ingredient is water, so flood insurance will typically cover parts of this loss. The National Flood Insurance Program offers “Flood & Mudflow” coverage up to $250,000 for a homeowner and $500,000 for a business. Renters can buy policies for their personal contents. Flood insurance must be purchased 30 days in advance of a flood. A “Difference In Conditions” policy includes coverage for flood, landslide, mudflow and earthquake. Depending on risk factors, such as the slope of your property or proximity to a cliff, a homeowner with a $300,000 house can expect to pay $1,000 or more per year for this coverage.

However, other then the Insurance coverage, there is a lot that you need to do and teach your children in advance in order to protect yourself and your family on the off chance that natural or man made disasters can occur any time and any where. In order to better deal with the disasters as powerful and dominating as Washington mudslide , action plans and response strategies have become immensely important. In order to prevent your family from suffering adverse disaster consequences, contact Crisis Prevention and Business Restoration for consultancy by calling us at: 415.891.9107 or email us at: CPR4BIZ@gmail.com

Business Management – Going Through A Disaster Alone

Imagine your organization being stuck with an emergency crisis. While through disaster, you are the only one to take charge of every single operation that needs to be carried out for business management. The tons of tasks and decision entitled to you would only create havoc and exacerbate the critical situation. A herd of tasks and important decisions might get off the shore while considering other things. Often during a disaster, a bunch of activities needs to be done at the same time altogether. How would you take responsibility for all of them alone? How would you ensure that no single area of business management is neglected for another during a disaster?

business management

Perhaps, the answer lies in team work. Where individuals best suited for respective tasks can be entitled for them and make sure that all goes smoothly without havoc and panic during a critical time!

Going through a disaster alone Vs Team work

There’s a limit to how much information any one individual can process, and a limit on how many perspectives one person can see. Many decisions regarding business management, business continuity planning and disaster recovery are made by those in authority after in depth discussions with other executives. The reason behind confronting a disaster or crisis with support from your executives is the need for full group participation to explore the situation, provide input, and make a final choice. Groups can often make better decisions than any one person operating on his or her own regarding business management. This is one of the main reasons that good companies have boards, to which important decisions are taken. Such board meetings ensure that no single idea is left off discussion and every employee in position gets an opportunity to openly discuss and share their opinion in order to find a solution to the problems encountered.

Most strategic initiatives are run by teams whose members are drawn from around the company from different functions, different business units, and sometimes different countries. When it’s time to make decisions, these teams often run into trouble because individual members’ interests aren’t perfectly aligned. The essence of business management is team work. Managers are constantly required to evaluate alternatives and make decisions regarding a wide range of matters.

Working together in groups involves certainty of roles and responsibilities, and decision makers have varying degrees of risk aversion. team work to going it alone ensures that every task gets equal importance and not being neglected. when you go through a disaster alone, chances are that the disaster might get exacerbated as there’s only a limited capacity one person has to do everything altogether.

The verge of business management and business continuity lies in how resilient you are to the hurdles that may halt the progress of your business. In case of crisis and disasters, common hurdle among others are panic among employees, not being able to know what to do, and state of confusion regarding roles and responsibility.

One solution to these entire problems is to devise action plans with significant knowledge contributions of others, implement plans and devise training programs as to ensure that employees in position know their responsibilities have a say in whats best for the organization during a critical period.

business management

The Challenge of Team Decisions for Business Management

Using team input is challenging, and it takes preparation and time. As the saying goes, if you put three people together in a room, you’ll often get four opinions. People can often see issues differently and they all have different experiences, values, personalities, styles, and needs. Team decision-making strategies should therefore be used when you want to get participation and achieve consensus.

However, where the situation is complex, consequences are significant, commitment and buy-in are important, and where team members can work together maturely, team decision making is often best.

Regardless of all the challenges faced when working in a team, it still puts the possibility of confusion and panicking state for one person handling everything alone off the shores. When only one person is responsible for various tasks, let alone for decision making in the face of a disaster, no single task and operation can be carried out in its best. However, when we talk about team work or working with consensus, chance maximizes that every single activity is being carried out by individuals best suited for it.

Team Consensus Methods

When your whole group needs to be involved in the process, you need to explore consensus decision-making models. With these, each team member has the opportunity to provide input and opinions. All members discuss alternatives until they agree on a solution. With consensus, there’s often compromise. Not everyone gets everything they want out of the final decision. However, because everyone has fair input, the decisions reached are often ones that serve best interest of all parties involved and let alone for the business continuity.

Assuming that a conflict either needs to be resolved by consensus or that a senior executive will need to step in, autocratically, and impose a solution which may create a significant risk of poor implementation. Be a bit more granular in parsing roles and responsibilities for business management. Decide who will make the final decision, if it comes to that. You want to limit this to a very small number of individuals. Who will have the right to be heard during the decision-making process?  The trick is to clarify these roles at the outset of a conflict, before digging into the issue itself.

Are the employees of your company trained to deal with the sudden crisis? Do they know what to do and what not to? Do they have defined roles and responsibilities for business management during a critical situation? Do they have suffice training and capabilities to work together with others in order to prevent maximum damage to the business assets? Do they know how to protect themselves and others during a crisis? Do you plan to give them the necessary training to do what is required when faced with a sudden disruption? If yes, this is where Crisis prevention and restoration of business comes in to provide expertise and assistance for your business. In order to prevent your business from suffering adverse disaster consequences, contact Crisis prevention and business restoration for consultancy by calling us at: 415.891.9107 or email us at: CPR4BIZ@gmail.com

 

 

 

California Drought

California Drought

Governor Brown has announced a statewide California Drought crisis and is asking all Californians to lessen their water use by 20 percent. California is encountering a significant dry spell and the state will be tested to reach its water needs in the promising New Year. Datebook year 2013 was the driest year in written history for some regions of California, and conditions proposed no change in sight for 2014. California Drought strives to continue for the Year 2015.

Water conversation is constantly vital in California, yet not long from now no Californian can bear to waste any water. California’s Mediterranean climate means that drought is not an unfamiliar sight in California:

  • Since 1987, California has had 13 emergency proclamations and three Executive Orders.
  • 1977 was the driest statewide with just 21 percent of average rainfall, 47 of 58 counties declared local emergencies.

Recent research suggests the current California Drought is the most severe, experienced in at least 1,200 years. Although rainfall totals are low, record-high temperatures are suspected to have exacerbated the current drought to that truly historic distinction.

California Drought

Dust covered boat lays on dry spell land.

More than 94 percent of California remains in “severe” drought, and 55 percent of the state is in “exceptional” drought. The state’s $45 billion horticultural segment has taken serious cuts in state and government water supplies. State and government water chiefs set arranged allotments from the state’s two biggest water conveyance ventures at zero shockingly, while vowing to keep up supplies indispensable to well-being and safety during the California drought.

2013 is considered as California’s driest datebook year on record and 2015 will probably not be a long ways behind. Governor Brown proclaimed an authority statewide drought on January 17, requiring a willful statewide lessening in water utilization. The California drought affirmation plots 20 steps, some compulsory, some simply report, to manage water deficiencies that have started to influence numerous groups.

Forecasting the State’s Water Supply

Beginning in January, the State Department of Water Resources (DWR) measures the water substance of the snowpack every month to focus the state’s water supply for the year. Snow ordinarily gives around a third of the water for California’s homes and ranches as it melts into streams, stores and aquifers.

The initial two snow review of 2014 demonstrated the snowpack’s statewide water content at a portion of the least estimations ever taken. A year ago began with a wet December however then the downpour halted and by May, the snowpack was just at 17 percent of ordinary and 2013 ended up being one of the state’s driest years on record. This is the third back to back dry year leading California drought.

Dry snowpack is not the state’s only stress. California has experienced an absence of downpour, with numerous zones ending 2013 with the least rainfall sums on record. As per DWR, Gasquet Ranger Station in Del Norte County, which is ordinarily one of the California’s wettest spots with a normal yearly rainfall of almost 100 inches, just got 43.46 inches a year ago? Sacramento finished the year with 5.74 inches of downpour, inconceivably lower than the ordinary 18 inches the locale generally gets. Downtown Los Angeles set an unsurpassed low with only 3.4 inches of rainfall. The city’s normal is 14.74 and the past record low was 4.08 situated in 1953.

Why does California Drought Stress Water Supply?

Indeed in ordinary years, a few zones of the state think that it hard to meet all demands for water.

  • Water conveyances from some significant water projects have been for all time diminished because of natural environment, while other systems struggle with aging infrastructure and other challenges.
  • State’s populace keeps on growing, with 60 million Californians expected by 2050. That implies more individuals, ranches and organizations will depend on streams, supplies and groundwater bowls for their day by day needs.
  • Environmental change as of now is influencing California’s water assets. Specialists say the changing rainfall and snowfall patterns will bring about more times of the California drought.

Why the Snowpack Matters

The yearly snowpack regularly gives around a third of the water for California’s farms and homes as it melts into streams, stores and aquifers. Since the snowpack is such terrible shape, water supervisors are stressed over the capacity of California’s system of water stockpiling and conveyance frameworks to address the majority of the needs of the state.

Water office authorities that deal with two of the huge activities that delivers water in California, the State Water Project (SWP) and the Central Valley Project (CVP, have published that both frameworks will deliver less water than typical. The SWP and the CVP bring water from Northern California through the Sacramento-San Joaquin Stream Delta for conveyance to the users in the San Joaquin Valley, parts of the San Francisco Narrows Range and Southern California.

Following two record dry years and the stress of a third sequential dry year, the state envisions that it might have the capacity to convey 5 percent of the water that organizations have asked. While many water agencies have multiple sources of water, including reservoirs, groundwater and other local resources, the reduced deliveries from the SWP could result in water restrictions in certain communities.

What can we do?

Saving water is not hard.  We simply need to be smart about using what we have. Rethinking the way we use water – both indoors and outdoors – will help stretch our limited supplies and ensure water is there when we need it. If we all work together, we can make a difference for California’s future.

There are many easy ways to save water indoors, from taking shorter showers to making sure that the dishwasher is full when you run it. Because the majority of water used at home is used outdoors, even small steps to save water can yield big savings.  Little things like fixing a broken sprinkler or making sure that you are running your sprinklers in the cool of the morning can save lots of water.  You can conserve even more by shrinking the amount of lawn you have, installing a drip irrigation system or adding a weather-based “smart” controller.

Know the Basics

  • Water at a early hour in the morning or later at night when temperature is cooler spares 25 gallons/each time you water
  • Check your sprinkler framework much of the time and modify sprinklers so just your yard is watered and not the house, walkway, or road. Spare: 15-12 gallons/each one time you water
  • Pick a water-proficient watering system framework, for example, drip irrigation for your trees, shrubs, and flowers.  Spare: 15 gallons/each one time you water.
  • Water profoundly however less often to make healthier and stronger scenes.
  • Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants to lessen dissipation and keep the dirt cool.
  • Plant dry season safe trees and plants.
  • Utilize a floor brush to clean garages, walkways and porches. Spare: 8-18 gallons/minute. Wash autos/vessels with a container, wipe, and hose with closing toward oneself spout. Spare: 8-18 gallons/minute.
  • Be sure to test your toilet for leaks at least once a year.
  • Install low-flow shower heads. Save: 2.5 Gallons

California Drought had its profound effects on lives of people living in California. Such disasters and crisis can strike you as well at any time and any place. Living in a particular place under a particular climatic condition does not make any of us less prone to natural disasters. It is important to have a disaster plan in place when nature strikes with her fury. In order to prevent yourself and your family from getting handicapped due to unpreparedness, Crisis Prevention and Restoration for Business offers its services and expertise for devising crisis communication plans to handle crisis management. For benefiting from our expertise, contact Crisis prevention and business restoration by calling us at: 415.891.9107 or emailing us at: CPR4BIZ@gmail.com

disasters

Disasters in 2014 – A Review

  • In the Philippines last year, some 5.8 million people lost their homes because of a constellation of disasters.
  • Typhoon Haiyan alone displaced some 4.1 million, with others forced out by typhoon Trami and an earthquake.
  • Africa also saw widespread displacement by rainy season flooding in Niger, Chad, Sudan and South Sudan.
  • America did not go without disasters, with nearly 220,000 people losing their homes to tornadoes in Oklahoma.
  • The storms in the United States in ahead of schedule 2014 alone brought on insured losses of Us$1.7 billion, while a spate of storms the nation over in May cost an alternate Us$2.9 billion.
  • Storms and substantial rains in Mexico brought by Storm Odile created guaranteed misfortunes of US $1.6 billion, while a wind and hail storm disaster that struck parts of France, Germany and Belgium in June cost US $2.7 billion.

According to Swiss Re’s preliminary sigma estimates, total economic losses from natural disaster and man-made disasters were $113 billion in 2014, down from $135 billion in 2013. Out of the total economic losses, insurers covered $34 billion in 2014, down 24 percent from $45 billion in 2013. This year’s disasters have claimed around 11,000 lives.

Insured losses of $29 billion were triggered by natural catastrophe events compared with $37 billion in 2013. Man-made disasters generated the additional $5 billion in insurance losses in 2014.

This year started with extreme winter conditions in the US and Japan and, as the year drew to a close, the Northeast US was once again gripped by very low temperatures and heavy snow. The storms in the US at the beginning of 2014 alone caused insured losses of $1.7 billion.

Natural disasters caused $106 billion of the estimated total economic losses, down from $126 billion in 2013. The report notes that the figure is well below the average annual $188 billion loss figure of the previous 10 years. The total loss of life of 11,000 from natural disasters and man-made disasters events this year is down from the more than 27,000 fatalities in 2013.

disasters

In Europe, a series of small loss-inducing weather events hit different countries at the beginning of the year. One of the major disasters was wind and hail storm Ela in June, which caused significant damage to properties and vehicles in parts of France, Germany and Belgium, resulting in overall insured losses of $2.7 billion. Bulgaria was also hit by hail activity in June. Other severe weather events were heavy rains and flooding in the UK, Serbia, Croatia, Italy and France at different times during the year. In contrast to the heavy rains in many areas, others were suffering from drought conditions. For example, some areas in China had a very dry summer, leading to severe drought conditions that affected agricultural output. The loss estimates for these events are not yet known.

Tornadoes were fewer in number this year. The National Weather Service verified just 720 tornadoes through August, making this year the lowest in tornado numbers since 2006. Like hurricanes and tornadoes, flooding also declined in 2014. Total flood damage this year is expected at around $4.2 billion, well below the long-term average of $5.3 billion in losses.

CoreLogic points out that in the first six months of this year, the percentage of flood damage from flash flooding rose from an average of around 40% to 71%, with a flash flood in Detroit causing more than $1.1 billion in damage. It has also been reports that 18.6% of the continental U.S. experienced a hail storm with pellets three-quarters of an inch or larger in diameter. That is more than 930,000 square miles.

Haiti’s Department of Civil Protection in partnership with the UN Development Programme (UNDP) has been working non-stop to assist flood-affected families in the northern city of Cap-Haitien and other neighbouring towns following heavy rains, floods and landslides that killed 17 people, five of them children. More than 15,000 houses were flooded, 90 were destroyed and 800 were severely damaged. Over 6,500 people are temporarily housed in emergency shelters.

The recent floods have also affected over 2,200 hectares of crops in one of the country’s most fertile areas.To mitigate the impact of floods and other natural disasters, UNDP and the Haitian Government have also planted close to nine million trees and worked with farmers to plant more resistant crops that prevent erosion. In addition, flood mitigation measures have been improved, using watershed management tools and protecting riverbanks.

Several earthquakes struck California this year, with the most intense being a 6.8 shaker offshore of Humboldt County and a 6.0 quake that rattled the Napa Valley wine country in August. CoreLogic noted the increase of earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 or greater in Oklahoma, which the U.S. Geological Survey has linked to the injection of waste water in deep disposal wells associated with oil and gas production.

Following are some among other disasters that occurred in 2014 and resulted in significant loss in investment and lives.

Hurricane Arthur – 2014

In the spring of 2014, weather forecasters predicted that the United States would experience from three to six hurricanes in this year’s June through November hurricane season, out of a total of eight to 13 named storms. In fact there were eight named storms and six hurricanes, including two major (category 3, 4 or 5) hurricanes.

Only Hurricane Arthur made landfall in the United States and it was a speedy and relatively mild blow. Although Arthur remained offshore, large scale northerly flow from the west side of the cyclone sparked scattered severe thunderstorms across Florida for several days. Effects from these storms were generally minor with damage amounting to only $23,000. On July 3 however, one storm produced straight-line winds estimated at 70–80 mph (110–130 km/h) and caused two barns to collapse near Elkton. Arthur caused power outages impacting at least 44,000 customers.

A few weeks after the storm, a severe outbreak of fire blight, a bacterial infection, occurred in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia, affecting as many as 80 percent of the Valley’s apple orchards. The storm was blamed for causing microscopic cracks in leaves, which allowed airborne bacteria to enter the plants.

The Salvation Army in Washington, N.C. prepared and provided meals at a shelter in Chocowinity, N.C. The service was in partnership with the American Red Cross. In addition, a request was made to mobilize a canteen (mobile feeding unit) to Ocracoke Island, N.C. if needed. The Salvation Army is continuing to monitor the situation and will be assessing Hurricane Arthur’s impact in its communities.

Northern Cameroon: Cholera Outbreak, 30 July 2014

More than 1,200 cholera cases have been reported from northern Cameroon as of 24 July, including more than 200 deaths. According to the Minister of Public Health, Logone-et-Chari and Mayo Sava are the hardest hit areas. The weekly caseload increased 18% between 21 and 26 July. The first three cases were reported in late April in the Far North region of Cameroon, and involved a Nigerian family who had crossed into Cameroon to receive treatment. Neighboring Nigeria has seen an increase in cases since September 2013: 24,683 cholera cases have been reported in Nigeria between the beginning of 2014 and the first week of July.

In terms of cholera response, UNICEF and WHO are the key agencies for providing assistance to the sufferers and survivors and fulfilling the Need for humanitarian assistance.

The Cameroon Red Cross warns that unless resources are deployed to handle the outbreak, there could be a repeat of the 2010 epidemic that killed more than 4,000 people. The high mobility of people affected means the disease is spreading across regions.

Morocco: Flash Floods – Nov 2014

Heavy rainfall starting on 21 Nov 2014 has caused widespread flooding in Morocco. As of 28 Nov, 117,000 people were affected and 36 deaths had been reported. At least 140 houses built of adobe were destroyed and 100 roads were cut off. Further rainfall between 28-30 Nov caused seven deaths. A report issued by the Ministry of Equipment, Transport and Logistics indicated 25 road cut and hundreds of archways threatened by floods.

Since the start of the floods the Moroccan Red Crescent, through its regional and local committees, was present immediately on the sites mobilizing and organizing the intervention teams, and establishing close contact with the central headquarters to report on the needs assessment. The first aid posts were established in close coordination with health authorities in the different provinces. The Moroccan Red Crescent disaster preparedness programme and contingency plan which takes into account the most likely flooding scenario it maintain basic preparedness stocks and regional disaster response teams ready to intervene in case of emergencies. The National Society had a relief stock available for 2,100 families.

Central America: Drought – Mar 2014

The lack of rain since the middle of 2014 resulted in the loss of staple grain crops and death of thousands of cattle in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and to a lesser extent in areas of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Loss of maize and bean crops range from 54 to 75% in Honduras and about 75% in Guatemala. The most vulnerable population are families of subsistence farmers, labourers and landless farmers, who are characterized by low income, with limited access to land, basic health services and education, and difficulties in obtaining the basic food basket. Data from governments and assessments carried out by humanitarian actors indicate that about 2.5 million people are at risk of food insecurity. The UN System has mobilized financial resources and is supporting affected countries in coordinating emergency response plans. US$2.6 million were funded for response in Honduras.

Typhoon Hagupit – Dec 2014

Typhoon Hagupit (known locally as Ruby) made its first landfall in Dolores municipality, Eastern Samar province as a category 2 at 9:15 p.m. on 6 December)with maximum sustained winds of 175 km/h and gusts of up to 210 km/h according to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA).

Hagupit made a second landfall in the morning of 7 December. Communication lines and electricity have been damaged and roads are impassable around the affected areas. The extent of the typhoon’s impact remains unclear. Preliminary reports from the field indicate localized flooding and wind damage. Humanitarian organizations based in Borongan City, Located 70 km south of Dolores, also reported significant damage in the coastal municipalities north of the city.

The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) in Eastern Samar is clearing roads and airports and field engineers from private telecommunications companies have been deployed to restore telecommunications networks

The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) have pre-positioned personnel in the potentially affected areas with teams deployed to support existing offices in Borongan City. Relief supplies including emergency shelter, food and non-food items have been strategically stored in Manila, Cebu and Cotabato City and are available to be deployed upon the request of the Government. Additional logistics support may be required to distribute the supplies to multiple islands. Upon request, unmanned aerial vehicles have also been made available for Government use in the conduct of the initial rapid needs assessment. On 6 December, the acting Humanitarian Coordinator on behalf of the HCT reiterated the offer of international support to the Government. The Government will respond to the offer based on assessed needs.

List of some of the other significant disasters that occured in 2014 are as following:

  • Tropical Storm Jangmi – Dec 2014
  • Malaysia: Floods and Landslides – Dec 2014
  • Maldives: Water Crisis – Dec 2014
  • Cabo Verde: Fogo Volcano – Nov 2014
  • Indonesia: Floods and Landslides – Nov 2014
  • Bolivia: Drought – Oct 2014

 Aftermath of disasters in 2014

Major natural disasters that occurred in 2014 have severe negative short-run economic impacts. Disasters also appear to have adverse longer-term consequences for economic growth, development and poverty reduction. But, negative impacts are not inevitable. Vulnerability is shifting quickly, especially in countries experiencing economic transformation – rapid growth, urbanization and related technical and social changes.

In the Caribbean and Bangladesh there is evidence of both declining sensitivity to tropical storms and floods and increased resilience resulting from both economic transformation and public actions for disaster reduction. The largest concentration of high risk countries, increasingly vulnerable to climatic hazards, is in Sub-Saharan Africa. Risks emanating from geophysical hazards need to be better recognized in highly exposed urban areas across the world because their potential costs are rising exponentially with economic development.

Natural disasters have caused significant budgetary pressures, with both narrowly fiscal short-term impacts and wider long-term development implications. Reallocation is the primary fiscal response to disaster. Disasters have little impact on trends in total aid flows.

The impact of natural disasters on tourism has been more profound during the last year and this can be attributed to the changing weather patterns around the world as well as the increased number of tourist spots. Today, more and more natural reserves and areas that were once inhabitable are being made accessible to attract tourists. Though this gives a boost to the local tourism, it also increases the impact of natural disasters. In fact, natural disasters cause many tourist destinations to lose their beauty, culture and economy for a temporary or extended period of time. The scale of the damage depends to a large extent on the fury of the natural disaster.

disasters

One study on tourism industry explores the cost of extreme weather disasters to the tourism industry, taking the Taiwan Maolin National Scenic Area as an example. The paper evaluates the economic damage caused by typhoon Morakot.The study finds that the entire park lost over 700,000 visitors in the year and a half after the disaster, representing a loss of NT$1.39 billion in tourism business – a value three times the infrastructure loss.

However this being the disaster review of 2014 concludes that disaster would continue to occur in 2015 as well which deems it important for us to take preventive measures today in order to safeguard ourselves and our families from the wake of such disasters in later days. Natural disasters have a negative impact on the economy and on the people who depend on it for livelihood. In October Japan sought to revitalise international tourism to the country by inviting 10,000 visitors to accept a free airline ticket to Japan on the condition that they write positive remarks in blogs or other agreed media about their visit.

For this reason, it is important to have a disaster plan in place when nature strikes with her fury. In order to prevent yourself and your family from getting handicapped due to unpreparedness, Crisis Prevention and Restoration for Business offers its services and expertise for devising crisis communication plans to handle communication management. For benefiting from our expertise, contact Crisis prevention and business restoration by calling us at: 415.891.9107 or emailing us at: CPR4BIZ@gmail.com